Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly



There must be sufficient facts in a complaint to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face for it to avoid dismissal for failing to state a claim.


Consumers with telephone and internet subscriptions brought an antitrust claim against local telephone companies, alleging that the companies had arranged not to compete with each other and had attempted to exclude potential competitors in a way that gave them a monopoly over the market. The complaint was dismissed for failure to state a claim, but it was reinstated on appeal.